Kashmiri Wedding- A Cultural Event

Marriage has always been a beautiful & divine affair. It is the unification of two souls for eternity. India, being a diverse country, is embellished with intriguing wedding customs and rituals. Talking about the ‘Crown of India’ Kashmir, this beautiful destination has sophisticated wedding rituals. All families follow the customs for Kashmiri girls for marriage.
The residents of the valley are cultured and always follow wedding customs wholeheartedly. Just like other Indian girls, most Kashmiri girls for marriage follow a set of rituals throughout the event. It includes pre-wedding and post-wedding rituals.

Beautiful dresses, amazing customs, and a lot of merrymaking are key ingredients of a Kashmiri wedding. Here’s a brief description of all key customs followed by families of all Kashmiri girls for marriage.

The Kickstart
When a Kashmiri girl reaches the age of marriage, her parents & family members start their search for a suitable guy. The family elders approach a Manzimyor or a local match-maker. A Manzimyor plays a key role in the matchmaking process. He brings out all suitable profiles as per the girl’s family requirement. The family, after shortlisting a suitable profile, decides to meet the boy & his family in person called Parche Traavun. This is the kickstart of a Kashmiri wedding in India.

Pre-wedding Rituals

Here’s a list of pre-wedding rituals followed by the families of Kashmiri girls for marriage.

  1. Thaap Travin
    Soon after the mutual agreement of the prospective bride & groom, the bride is showered with a lot of gifts by the groom. It is the declaration of the relationship between the families. Later on, Majmas or copper plates spread out with dry fruits are sent to close relatives. It is a gesture that declares the marriage.
  2. Nishayan
    Nishayan is the ceremony held at the bride’s home. All blood relatives and the groom’s family are invited to the bride’s place where the qazi reads out Nishayan Nikah. Usually, the boy isn’t expected to go to the bride’s place but the changing trends have been embraced. Now, the prospective groom also visits his bride’s house along with guests. Nishayan ceremony officially legalizes the relationship. This ceremony marks the commencement of the wedding in both families. People start their shopping and visit each other at different festivals.
  3. Saatnaam
    Saatnaam is a holy ceremony hosted at the respective residences of the bride & groom. All relatives are invited for the ceremony and the bride & groom are official date for the wedding is announced. Later in the evening, families and friends celebrate it joyously.
  4. Malmaenz & Maenziraat
    Malmaenz for a Kashmiri girl for marriage is what haldi to a Punjabi girl for marriage. Turmeric paste is applied to the bride by all members of the family, relatives, and cousins. The elder women of the girl’s family braid her hair with colorful ribbons. Meanwhile, traditional Kashmiri songs are sung by ladies at home.
    Maenziraat is one of the important parts of the pre-wedding customs. It is the henna night where the bride’s arms and feet are adorned with serpentine henna designs. The elders of the family and her parents shower their blessings on her.

The Wedding Day

Below is the list of beautiful ceremonies conducted by the Kashmiri girl’s family on her wedding day.

  1. Aab Shehrun
    On the dawn that brings the new rays of a new life, the bride takes the shower, and wears the new clothes called Pheran. Pheran is a hand-woven Kashmiri dress. She then offers two rakaths of Namaz.
  2. Nikah Khwaani & Mahraaz Saal
    Nikah Khwaani is the main event everyone awaits in the family. The groom is welcomed by the brother of the bride. He’s accompanied to the stage where the bride joins him. Afterward, the immediate families from both sides join them for Nikah. The qazi, meanwhile, recites the holy verses from Quran to bless the couple. It is called Mahraaz Saal.
  3. Rukhsati
    Rukhsati is bidding adieu to the bride and wishing her good luck to kickstart a new journey with her husband. It is an emotional chunk of the event for the bride and her family. On one side, she grieves on leaving her family forever, and on the other hand, she’s zealous for taking the first walk with her husband.
  4. Kadal-E-Taar
    It is a funny custom in Kashmiri weddings. Usually, when the newly married couple is half way home, the friends of the groom stop them and demand a ransom to pass. He’s not allowed to take his bride home until he pays a sum to his friends called Kadal-E-Taar.

Post-Wedding Rituals

Now, you’ll read about the traditions followed for welcoming a Kashmiri girl as a daughter-in-law of the family.

  1. Muhar Tullun
    Muhar Tullun is the ceremony performed by the bride’s mother-in-law. After welcoming the bride, she lifts her veil and feeds sweets to her. The in-laws of the bride offer her gifts, usually cash, and sing songs. Some families sacrifice a goat in honor of welcoming the new bride.
  2. Khabri Gasun
    The relatives from the bride’s family visit her and gift her presents and some cash as a blessing to kickstart her married life.
  3. Phiri Saal
    Phiri Saal is a tradition in all Kashmiri families. The bride & groom, after some days of marriage, visit the girl’s paternal house for a ritualistic feast. All guests are treated with utmost hospitality and respect.
  4. Satim Doh
    Satim Doh is the first week a bride spends with her in-laws. It is a fun period where she wears different colored clothes for seven days. Throughout the week, she’s treated like a queen and isn’t allowed to perform any household chores. On the seventh day, the bride’s family is invited for a feast at the groom’s place.
  5. Phira Khaber
    Phira Khaber is the gathering of the bride’s family including cousins and aunts. It is a custom where they enquire about her comfort in the new family. It marks the end of all events in a Kashmiri marriage.

Final Words
Kashmiri wedding trends are vibrant and full of zeal. Attending a Kashmiri wedding is once in a lifetime experience. If you haven’t attended one, make sure you grab a chance soon. Else, you have this virtual tour always at your fingertips.


Let us delve deep into the significant rituals at Jain Marriage

The Jains are a religious and peace-loving community, and Jain’s marriage is a sacred duty towards God. A typical Jain marriage follows traditional spiritual practices. These are observed with much dedication and zeal. Several rituals mark a typical Jain wedding just like other Asian weddings, some customs and traditions are followed to solemnize the marriage.

Lagana Lekhan
it is the event that begins with the wedding proceedings. In this ceremony, the marriage date is fixed at the girl’s house. A puja is performed at this auspicious time when the Jain Digambar Matrimony date is set. The Jain matrimony groom’s family is then let known of the time and the date of the wedding.

Lagna Patrika Vachan
An event is conducted at the boy’s house wherein the priest reads out the lagan Patrika vachan, a sacred letter.

Sagai or Engagement
Another meaningful ceremony held at the would-be groom’s house is the engagement or saga wherein the couple exchanges rings, and a formal announcement is made of their marriage. The groom has to wear traditional headgear and offer pujas during the sagai.

The mehndi function here is a homely affair, with the women coming together to apply mehndi designs to the Jain matrimony brides’ hands and dab some for the groom as well.

Bana Betai
A Jain marriage has its version of the Haldi ceremony, called the Bana Betai. However, instead of the standard turmeric paste, the bride and the groom get a dab of chickpea paste of besan, followed by a ritualistic bath.

Mada Mandap
Mada Mandap is another occasion held before the wedding day when certain important rituals are observed in both the groom and the bride’s family.

We understand Barati as the groom’s procession, but as per Jain rituals, Barati is the welcome of the bride’s family’s parade. The bride’s brother also gives a welcome gift to the bride, which contains coconuts, sweets, clothes, and other things. Barati is welcomed at the girls’ house with an aarti that the house’s female members perform along with the traditional Mangala geet.

Granthi Bandhan
Next, in Granthi Bandhan’s event, when a corner of the bride’s dress is tied to the groom’s shawl. The couple takes the seven rounds of the fire as it is the most sacred element in a Jain marriage that sanctifies their matrimony. After then, they exchange marriage vows and are declared husband and wife.

Granthi Bandhan is followed by the Kanyavaran ceremony, which signifies the bride’s gift to the groom by the bride’s parents. After this, a havan is executed with the chanting of the mantras by the priest.

The priest and the parents of the bride and groom offer their blessings to the newlyweds. A grand feast is laid for the guests after all the wedding day rituals are over. The bride then bids goodbye to her family and proceeds towards her husband’s home to start a new life.

A Jain wedding is an important event. Know more about this tradition at Matrimonial Sites. This is celebrated with a lot of joy and merriment. A Jain pundit usually conducts the ceremonies, though, in some instances, Brahmins too perform the pujas. The Jains, however, does not favour spending much money on the wedding.

Thus, they do not prefer very elaborate matrimonial. Matchmaking is done by the family and within the friend’s circle. However, the process of searching for a perfect life partner has become more straightforward now. Make a matrimony profile and register yourself at the matrimonial sites.

Source: https://balkrishan-weblink.medium.com/how-much-do-you-know-about-jain-digambar-matrimony-21f382b093bd